E - Terms of delivery

EXW - Ex-Works (Delivery from the factory) This Incoterms maximizes the buyer's liability. The buyer himself ensures that the cargo is delivered to its destination. The buyer is responsible for all risks and costs incurred at this time.

The seller is obliged to assist the buyer in the preparation of export documents and is liable to the buyer due to incorrect loading.

F - The seller does not pay the shipping fee

FCA-free Carrier The seller shall deliver the goods prepared for export to the address indicated by the consignor selected by the buyer.

FAS -Free Alongside Ship (Name of carrier port) The seller is obliged to deliver the cargo to the named port and place it on the ship. The seller also prepares the cargo for export. The term marine is used mainly to transport heavy and bulky cargo.

FOB - Free On Board vessel The obligation of the seller to deliver the goods to the buyer is deemed to have been fulfilled when the goods cross the ship's edge at the named loading port. From this point on, the risk of accidental loss or damage to the cargo lies with the buyer. In addition, FOB involves the seller's preparation for the export of goods.

This term is used only in the case of maritime shipments.

C - The seller pays the shipping fee

CFR - Cost and Freight (Costs and freight), the seller himself pays the cost and cost of shipping to the port of destination, but is not liable for accidental damage or destruction of the cargo. It is also the responsibility of the seller to prepare the goods for export. The seller does not reimburse the costs incurred after placing the cargo on the deck.

This term is used only in the case of maritime shipments.

CIF - Cost, Insurance and Freight (Expenses, insurance and levy), the seller bears the same obligations as in the case of the term CFR, in addition to the provision of marine insurance in the event of accidental damage or destruction of the cargo by the buyer during the transportation of goods.

This term is used only in the case of maritime shipments.

CPT - Carriage Paid To (Free from freight), the seller pays the freight for transportation to the place named for the goods. In the event of accidental loss or damage to the cargo, the buyer shall be liable from the time it is delivered to the carrier. The seller prepares the goods for export.

CIP - Carriage and Insurance Paid To The seller has the same obligation as in the case of CPT. In addition, the seller pays the insurance premium required for cargo insurance during the transportation period. It also prepares cargo for export.

D - Bring to the destination

DAF - Delivered At Frontier The seller fulfills the obligation to deliver the goods when he places the goods prepared for export at the point or place inhabited by the border - to the customs of the neighboring country.

DES - Delivered Ex-Ship The seller fulfills the obligation to deliver the goods. At this time, it delivers the goods prepared for import to the buyer on the deck at the destination port. The risk and costs of delivering the goods to the given port rest with the seller.

DEQ - Delivered Ex-Quay The seller's duty to deliver the goods is deemed to have been performed when he provides the buyer with the goods prepared for import on the port of destination. The seller is responsible for any costs incurred in delivering the goods (taxes, etc.) and for the destruction or destruction of the item.

This term is used only in the case of maritime shipments.

DDU - Delivered Duty Unpaid (Delivery before customs clearance) The obligation of the seller to deliver the goods is considered fulfilled from the moment when he ensures that the buyer is delivered to the place of destination in the country of importation. The seller must bear any costs, risks, costs (other than customs duties and other expenses necessary for import) for the delivery of the goods to the designated place. If the buyer cannot prepare the goods for import, the buyer will reimburse the costs incurred.

DDP - Delivered Duty Paid (Delivery by customs), the seller's duty to deliver the goods is considered fulfilled when he provides the buyer with the goods at the designated place - in the country of importation. The risk of accidental loss or destruction of goods before delivery, as well as all costs and taxes, shall be borne by the seller.